Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located onChina‘s south coast, bordering Guangdong in the north and the South China Sea in the east, west and south. The territory is one of two special administrative regions of the People’s Republic of China, the other being Macau.
Hong Kong was a dependent territory of the United Kingdom from 1842 until the transfer of its sovereignty to the People’s Republic of China in 1997. The Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law of Hong Kong stipulate that Hong Kong operate with a high degree of autonomy until 2047, fifty years after the transfer. Under the “one country, two systems” policy, the Chinese government is responsible for the territory’s defence and foreign affairs, while Hong Kong maintains its own legal system, police force, monetary system, customs policy, immigration policy, and delegates to some international organizations and events.
Beginning as a trading port, Hong Kong emerged as a leading financial centre in the late 20th century. Its highly capitalist economy is heavily based on service industries, and thrives under a long-standing policy of government non-intervention. Although the population is predominantly Chinese, residents and expatriates of other ethnicities form a small but significant segment of society. Influenced by both Eastern and Western cultures, Hong Kong’s multicultural identity is reflected in its cuisine, cinema and music.
US citizens are not required to possess a visa prior to entering Hong Kong provided the stay does not exceed 90 days. The visa exemption applies to tourist visas and business visas. For detailed information regarding visa requirements for Hong Kong, follow the link below.