The Republic of Ghana is a country in West Africa. It borders Ivory Coast to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word “Ghana” means “Warrior King”, and was the source of the name “Guinea” used to refer to the West African coast (as in Gulf of Guinea).
Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient kingdoms, including the Ga Adangbes on the eastern coast, inland Empire of Ashanti and various Fante states along the coast and inland. Trade with European states flourished after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the British established a crown colony, Gold Coast, in 1874.
Upon being the first African nation to achieve independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, the name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana that once extended throughout much of western Africa. In the Ashanti language it is spelled Gaana.
US citizens traveling to Ghana must have a valid US passport and be in possession of a visa. Visas can be obtained from a Ghana embassy and must be obtained prior to arriving in Ghana. For detailed information regarding visa and other immigration requirements for entering and staying in Ghana, follow the link below.